Quick Answer: What Is A Complaint Legal Definition?

Your complaint must contain a “caption” (or heading) that includes the name of the court and county, the parties to the case (and their designation, like “plaintiff” or “defendant”), the case number (if you have one), and the title of the document..

Is a complaint the same as a lawsuit?

By definition, lawsuit refers to the legal process (that is, the court case) by which a court of law makes a decision on an alleged wrong (as exhibited in the statement “a complex lawsuit that may take years to resolve”), whereas complaint refers to the initial document, or pleading, submitted by a plaintiff against a …

What do you call a person who files a complaint?

the first document filed with the court (actually with the County Clerk or Clerk of the Court) by a person or entity claiming legal rights against another. The party filing the complaint is usually called the plaintiff and the party against whom the complaint is filed is called the defendant or defendants.

What is the difference between complaint and complain?

Complaints means expressions of discontent, pain, or grief when used as a noun. … Complaints is a noun. It mean “the expressions of discomfort, unease, pain, or grief.” Complains is the third-person singular form of the verb “complain.” It means “to express unease or discomfort, to lament.”

What does a formal complaint mean?

A formal complaint is a complaint made by an employee, representative of employees, or relative of an employee who has provided their written signature for the complaint. … Non-formal complaints cause a letter to be sent to the company listing the possible violations and requiring proof of abatement.

What happens when a defendant fails to answer a complaint?

Failure to Respond: If a defendant fails to answer the complaint or file a motion to dismiss within the time limit set forth in the summons, the defendant is in default. The plaintiff can ask the court clerk to make a note of that fact in the file, a procedure called entry of default.

What is a complaint definition?

1 : expression of grief, pain, or dissatisfaction She did her chores without complaint. 2a : something that is the cause or subject of protest or outcry Inefficiency was the main complaint against the local government.

What are the types of complaint?

1) Public Multi-Media Complaint :2) Serial Complaint :3) First-time complaint :4) Good Customer Complaint :5) Personnel Complaint :6) Product Specific Complaint :7) Wait – Times Complaint :8) Complaints because of misunderstanding :More items…•

What is a complaint procedure?

Purpose: The formal complaints procedure is intended to ensure that all complaints are handled fairly, consistently and wherever possible resolved to the complainant’s satisfaction. ALT’s responsibility will be to: … deal reasonably and sensitively with the complaint; take action where appropriate.

What does it mean to have a complaint filed against you?

A complaint is the first document filed with a court to begin a lawsuit. It is a formal legal document that asserts the plaintiff’s view of the facts and the legal reasons that the plaintiff believes it has a claim against the defendant.

What happens if you never get served?

If you have not been properly served, and you don’t show up, the court has no personal jurisdiction over you, and can’t enter a judgment against you. The case can be continued to another court date, and the other side can try again to serve you.